News id: 21 News date: 2015-07-01 09:21:28
Yemen uprising important site Sadat and religion Zaydiyya

Charter belief Ansarullakh Yemen, return to the Qur'an and Sunnah

Field / Hossein Alhvsy says Imam Khomeini big man from Salalah mission is prophecy family and mine. Personal views and thought he would have a lot of events coming through deliberation by the events of the present and previous study, predict. Adel Imam Adel Imam and Batqvast and invited him should be dismissed.

Scientific and Cultural Services Agency " areas "written by Seyyed Mohammad Tabatabai far in the history of Yemen and the formation of this movement is the movement of thought Ansarullakh fundamentals.

Ansarullakh movement in Yemen

Yemen, a country with a long history and origin of brilliant civilizations and large, the names of some of them, such as Saba, Aad and Thamud, also mentioned in the Holy Quran. The country's unique geographical characteristics, their culture and civilization, always with the countries around them and even Iran, is the relationship between the response and impact. Yemenis in the early years of Islam, from the eighth year of Hijra, the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him monotheistic accepted the invitation and, in addition, the love of Ahl al-Bayt (AS) was founded in the heart, so that from the third century onwards, the main base of the uprising in Yemen Sadat and religion Zaydiyya was.

Shiite Zaydi, at the end of the second century, when Abntbatba invited revealed her into Yemen, and in the year 284 AH utilization Yhyybnhsyn known as Hadyalyalhq, the northernmost point in Yemen today, the government founded the beginning of the Zaidi in Yemen was. [1 ] Azanps, until modern times, Yemen, especially the northern parts of the site of the traditional Zaydiyya and Imams and the characters and the topic of many in the region emerged that their rule to the fourteenth century AD (1382 AH / 1962 AD), with ups and downs continue found. [2]

Date Zaidi in the contemporary period

The last series of the rule of Zaidi Imams of Yemen, which was attributed to family Hamiduddin Mtvkyh became known. The family of 1307 AH / 1889 to 1382 AH / 1962 CE ruled. They rule the despotic monopoly absolute power in his hands, avoiding the progression of time, the suppression of the revolution and failed to put every effort for the development of Yemeni society, Bhgvnhaykh paid by government policies, people and intellectuals Yemen had many struggles and ups and many downs, in 1382 AH / 1962 CE won the Republican revolution. The revolution, the abolition of monarchy and Bhtb Hamiduddin, the dismantling of the Zaydi Imamate of Yemen's political scene, and finally, the establishment of the Republic.

The main objectives of the 1962 include: the dismantling of the state House of Hamiduddin and the establishment of a government based on the model of the Republic, elimination of discrimination and class differences, the establishment of a strong army to protect the revolution and its achievements, raising the level of economic, social, political and cultural Yemen, create good relations with Arabic countries, a policy of neutrality with foreigners, resistance to colonialism, based on the true revival of Islamic law and more. [3]

One effect of the Republican revolution in northern Yemen, the National Liberation Front of South Yemen. South Yemen since the third decade of the nineteenth century colonization of Great Britain, who in 1967 at the hands of the National Front, a bloody coup, was freed from colonialism. "National Front" in South Yemen Socialist Party has become a national leader of the party existed in Congress Hzby1980M Ali Mohammed Nasser was elected president.

North Yemen Ali Abdullah Saleh's rule in 1978 was handed over. He's a Baathist, Zaidi's family and educated faculty of military science during Bsyhast Baghdad. Yemen's Baathist regime was thought that the basic system of thought, the area of ​​influence of the Wahhabis and al-Qaida activity in this country provides.

Marginalization of religion Zaidi after the revolution 1962 to 1990, the continued and coincided with the unification of Yemen's north and south in 1990, Zaidi within the framework of freedom of religious activities, social and political isolation, and gradually the identity of its original returned for their presence in the political, social, economic and cultural effort.

In the years between 1990 and 2000 the Zaydi better day by day. Bhvjvdamdh their opportunities, their proper operation. The establishment of numerous religious institutions, publishing books Zaidi, the establishment of various political parties, printing with Zaidi trends, including Zaidi's actions during this period.

The established parties, the party "Union Alqvy folk" and the "response and Altvhyd Islam," which is attributed to family Lvzyr. Lvzyr Zaidi, one of the symbols of intellectuals in Yemen today, in the 948 CE / 1367 AH, the Imam al-Mutawakil Yhyyhmyd, intentionally or unintentionally trigger a major role and the developments and trends in contemporary Yemen Zaydi Imams were the collapse of the dynasty. [4]

"Hizb-ul-Haq," Zaidi party is no longer active. The leadership of the party set Zaydi scholar Allama Ahmed bin Mohammed al-Shami, and above all they were Bhhdh. Haq party leaders on notice that it began its work, the protection of intellectual Zaidi and expressed loyalty to the regime. The party thought leadership and the Islamic leadership in the current era is bound to Sadat Fatemi do not know. [5] In the parliamentary elections in 1993, Hizb-ul-Haq to obtain 80 thousand votes, two seats in the House were awarded and the ruling party (the Party of Almvtmr) Wahhabis as the main rival party, was active. Majd al-Din al-Mu'ayyad, Allameh Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy Badroddin Alhvsy and scholars like ul-Haq, who were active in the party. [6]

* The formation of the Ansarullakh

Sydhsynalhvsy -Rhbr Ansarallh- an active member of Hizb-ul-Haq, after disagreements among party members and Dvdstgyay, over her work area was created, in 1997, the Haq Party resigned. [7] impulse and he resigned due to differences in thought leadership expressed. Allama Syed Majd al-Din al-Mu'ayyad and a group of Zaydi scholars, believe that thought leadership and the Islamic leadership at present, is not bound by Sadat Fatemi. Because of legal thinking, the fear of Governors and the pressure is on the Shiites, but the Houthis were opposed to the idea of ​​Islamic rule Sadat Fatemi considered special. [8]

Moreover, Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy to the intellectual, economic and political approach was critical of the Yemeni government, because the government thought it knew Baathists and Wahhabis and al-Qaeda provided the basis for the activity. Yemen's economy and oil were also seized several tribes. The government's approach in the field of international politics, total dependence on America and the West.

So Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy in 1997, the forum entitled "Shabab al-Momen" in the Saada region, the majority of the Zaydi Shiati were established.

Evolution of the society can be divided into two phases: The first phase, the establishment and formation; and secondly, the military approach is Astkbarstyzy.

* The first phase of the establishment

Core of the forum, in the province of Saada located in 240 km north of Sanaa, Yemen Zaydi formed and to attract young people and students pay. In this forum, classes and various meetings under the regular program, was held in which the cultural-educational frameworks, at certain times, especially in the summer, was presented to the students. The content of the programs, religious programs such as jurisprudence, hadith, interpretation, opinion and sports activities, training, oratory and speech.

Forum Shabab al-Momen focused its activities on such topics as: education of young religious sciences and technology, unlocking the God-given talents in all aspects of Yemeni youth, preparing missionaries in terms of cultural, moral and spiritual influence more to inform the public to know The students strengthen ties with their brothers and brothers in faith, to strengthen unity among Muslims and avoid divisive factors, had planned. [9]

* The second stage Astkbarstyzy

Alhvsy Hussein, on 17 January 2002 with a keynote speech delivered at the School Hadi, in Marjane, a new critical phase in the fight against arrogance in Yemen created. In his historic speech, criticized America's invasions of Afghanistan and selfish killing of Muslims in Islamic countries, the government said.

"... Brethren, shout. Do you have the strength to scream? You do not have the strength to shout "Allahu Akbar, Lamryka Alamut, Alamut Lasrayyl, Allnh Ali Alyhvd, Nasr Llaslam?"

This slogan was that he asked all the audience to shout out in mosques and gatherings. [10] In the same speech, the making of history in Yemen, called "Alsrkhh Fi Almstkbryn means" the starting point for the Forum's activities in Yemen and became widespread backlash addition Lybdallhsalh regime, opposition to some scholars Zaidi was also sought. [11]

Hussein Alhvsy, revolutionary and critical approach towards the rule be maintained and developed. With the growth of intellectual activity Hsynalhvsy, most youth member "Shabab al-Momen," his advocate and practice the forum "Alhvsy movement" was renamed.

* Introduction of prominent figures

Alhvsy the authenticity of the Houthi clan returns to regional development in the northern Saada province and the south of Sana'a Governorate is limited. The family moved often Saada later theologians are religious. [12]

* Allameh Seyed Badroddin Alhvsy

The contemporary world of this family, Allama Badroddin Alhvsy of Sadat Hussain bin Amyraldyn that in 1926 coincided with the 17 Jomādā 1345 AH [13] or, according to some sources in 1922 was born in the city of Zhyan in northern Yemen. His father, Amyraldyn Alhvsy (AD 1974) and his uncle, Syed Hussein (d. 1968) was a highly respected scholar and religious Zaydi. He grew up in the city of Saada and science education and became a great scholar and dozens of his students were great scholars Zeidi. [14]

Allama Badroddin Alhvsy Jarvdyh is influenced by the idea. The followers of the Shia Imami tenth Jarvdyh highest affinity and similarity to their conscience. [15] he position of vice president, "Haq party" worthy attempt to induce the authorities Zaidi Zaidi and Imami Shia doctrine of no difference in many Islamic ideas and comments about the content of the book titled "Alzydyh per Alymn" published. [16] thought about him, that he traveled to Iran in 1994 AD. When the separatists in the south of troop movements began, traveled to Iran. The trip was Imami scholars were familiar with the Qom Seminary. Her journey lasted seven months. [17]

The Zaydi religious authority among modern science, virtue, piety, patience and jihad is known as the world's largest contemporary Allama al-Mu'ayyad Mjdaldyn Zaydi, in his description says, "Hu S. Allamh Rzy Academy of Science and the Academy of Science and Alhdayh Dras·h and Rbyb Hu I Balmhl Alam and response advertising and crushed me and Alnzr Alfkr Alsaqb Alsayb Alhz Alavfr and expert Alkhbrh and other Albqyh Alzy tally Balvr and Fzylh Alz·hd whole. "[18] he various topics - Islamic theology, jurisprudence, hadith and literature Tfsyr- to the scientific community and works as such; Thryralafkar Remote mimic Alashrar, Alayjaz per Alrd Ali fatwas Alhjaz, Alz·hry Ahadysh and Syrth, key Asanyd Alzydyh, Altysyr per Altfsyr noted. Badroddin Alhvsy spiritual leader and mentor and Mufti Alhvsy movement of equipment.

At the age of 87 on Thursday, 25 November 2010 19 November 1431 coincided with the AH died. His body in Saada province in the presence of a host of Aradtmndansh Shiite funeral prayer and then buried by Abdul Alhvsy in Zhyan. [19]

Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy

Allameh Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy Badroddin Alhvsy child was born in 1956 AD in the province of Saada. Science and Education Zaidi Zaidi scholars to his father and learned Hadavi in ​​Saada. Academic education is taught in public schools [20] while the Muslim Brotherhood-affiliated Salafist school education and a master's degree in law from the University of Jurisprudence and Law Schools Sna’ received. Master traveled to Sudan to study science were religious. The end of his letter in the field of Quranic Sciences and an opportunity to be familiar with the life style of the Qur'an and the hard facts of the Islamic Ummah with a focus on evaluation and analysis of the Koran. Writing this book dissuade him from pursuing doctoral level, as students achieve a qualification, and may keep the growth of wisdom and teachings of the Qur'an Infallible Imams said. Professors, he called extremist in their views and religious affiliations. [21]

Syed Hussein in 1990 along with his father and great scholars Zaidi, "Haq Party," founded. Haq in 1993 on behalf of the party in the 1997 parliamentary elections to be represented in parliament Zhyan field. [22]

Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy In 1997, the Haq Party resigned, along with a number of scholars to strengthen Zaidi Zaidi sect and prevent its division, the association "Shabab al-Momen" established. The association's activities with clear objectives and promote theological education Zaidi began, but thanks to the Wahhabi or Salafi Ymnyhay and anti-imperialistic spirit Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy, the Association of cultural activity that drives Astkbarstyzy became a military war by the government of Yemen against them. Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy the first war between the period of June to September 2004, he was killed by the Yemeni regime refused to give his body to his family. After the fall of the regime of Ali Abdullah Saleh, his body was delivered to the Houthis and the presence of hundreds of thousands of Houthi fighters and lovers was through her funeral.

* Syed Abdul Alhvsy

He was born in 1982 and after the death of Hossein, took the leadership of the movement. In November 2008, he told the Lebanese newspaper "Aldyar" in itself has stated that: I am now 28 years old. Religious education in religious schools in low-income family home and learned, but quiet, and I flourish as family matters and regional and international issues of my attention and I followed them. I am married and have a child. Part of his childhood in the region, "Marjane" the province "Saada" in northwest Yemen and other parts of the region, "al-Fadhil Friday" the functions "Hydan" in Saada and I spent my youth in the same period Over the region. Among his outstanding abilities of sermons and lectures.

* Intellectual foundation Ansarullakh

Understanding the basics of intellectual or Ansarullakh Houthis in Yemen, Behcet empowerment and influential presence in the political equation of Yemen, belong to the Zaidi school and religious commonalities of Iran, at present, is a necessity. Ansarullakh intellectual foundation by examining the writings and speeches of Allameh Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy Badroddin Alhvsy achieved.

* Refer to the Quran and the Sunnah of Ahlul Bayt (AS)

One of the charters Ansarullakh believe a return to the Qur'an and Sunnah is Zaydi imams. Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy anywhere in his speech to the principle relies says:

"Zaidi deviation began when Sunni Islamic learning from the legacy of learned [23] and the Hadith Thaqalayn not believe and adhere. So in the interest of self-humiliation, and we'll do something and not be able to Islam. "[24]

He deviation in Islamic sciences and political sovereignty of the Islamic world and the Islamic nation far more is known of the Qur'an and the teachings of Ahl al-Bayt and out of this deviation, returned to learn the Quran and religious education is Thaqalayn.

The dialogue Ansarullakh to rely on religion to fundamentalist Salafi discourse is quite different, as al-Qaeda and Dash, because Ansarullakh dialogue with modernity and modern concepts such as democracy, freedom, the rule of the people to self and others, not conflict and return religion can be divided into two parts, the first branch back to religion and morality, and the second with the acceptance of the concept of dialogue that the conflict and the violence and fanaticism are not. So Ansarullakh located in the first section.

* Ansarullakh and household

Zaidi sect is not limited to a certain number of bits in the relations between the religion and Imam Imami in determining the household. Today Ansarullakh Yemen have Zaidi explains the thinking about the inmate and have stated their responsibilities in contemporary times.

One of the terms that have been used Seyyed Hossein Alhvsy for the introduction of the household, "directed flags" is. Infallible Imams guiding server creation and guide people and their refuge in times of dire world, so that all people Nyazmndand announced guidance. [25]

Infallible Imams family as much honor and great responsibility Mnzltshan. Syed Hussein said Ahlbyt virtues among Muslims used to say, but never the Infallible Imams responsibility towards God, religion and the servants are not raised. He is a responsibility that is up to assist and promote the religion of Allah and to defend the oppressed and fight corruption and corrupt the word of God. [26]

* Ansarullakh and Imam Khomeini

Islamic Revolution in Iran a revolution exceptional and unique phenomenon in the twentieth century. The inherent character of the revolution and specific messages look at the world, including politicians, scientists and the mass of the people to be attracted and the enemy was the dominant powers. Undoubtedly, if the Islamic Revolution of Iran was limited to geographical borders, hostile arrogance so on Nmyangykht Therefore, Muslim nations were influenced by the messages and the modeling of the revolution, an Islamic awakening in Muslim societies in which the Shiite movement in Yemen This is one of the effects. Therefore, we briefly explain the views of Imam Khomeini, the leader of Yemen to the character.

Seyed Hussein Khomeini said Alhvsy) masters of Salalah is the mission of prophecy family and mine. Personality because of the seriousness of the challenge and deal with all the enemies of Islam and opposition to America is known. A man who thought he was correct. Vision and thought that it could have been through a lot of events coming through deliberation by the events of the present and previous study, predict. [27] He invited Imam Adel Imam Adel and Batqvast and should be rejected. [28 ]

Seyed Hussein Khomeini enemy of much affected) about America, he referred to the words of Imam Khomeini's interpretation of the Great Satan that he had referred to Imam Khomeini saying that America is responsible for the humiliation and degradation and disaster and known problems that plague the Muslim world. [29]

* Conclusion

The Zaydi Yemen after the fall always under pressure and problems resulting from the rule of the house of S. Zaidi, but after the unification of Yemen in 1990 with the issuance of the Law on political parties contracted state, different conformational and flows Zaidi once again became active The current that emerged, the "Houthis or Ansarullakh" is.

Ansarllh the ideas presented and examine the theological, juridical and political movement, to belong to the Zaidi sect and effective presence in Yemen's political equations in modern times is a necessity. Ansarullakh on Quranic and Sunnah referring to human and moral concepts rely inmate accepted. They conduct the household of the server creatures and guiding people and their refuge in times of dire world know. Ansarullakh Astkbarstyzy enemy of, governance and adherence to religious values ​​of Imam Khomeini against the Mercy of God is influenced by their pattern.

Researcher: Mohammad Tabatabai process [30]

[1]. Khudhair, Ahmed Hassan, the Government of Yemen's Zaidi, Translator Ahmad Badkvbh Hezaveh, Qom, Institute of Science, 1391 SB, pp. 20 and 39.

[2]. R, race Mousavi, Seyed Ali, "Zaidi to rise to the establishment of the" dawn of spring and summer 84, No. 14 and 13, pp. 258-261.

[3]. Obaid Ahmed Ibn Dghr, Alymn under the rule of Imam Ahmad (1948 AD - 1962 AD), printing, Cairo: Maktabat Mdbvly, 2005, S542.

[4].Ashvaq, Ahmad Mahdi Ghlys, Altjdyd Fi Alamamh think Nd Alzydyh, publisher Mktbh Mdbvly Cairo, First Edition, 1417 to 1997 AD, p. 149.

 [5]. Ashvaq, Ahmad Mahdi Ghlys, p. 173.

 [6]. Hatami, Mohammad Reza and critical, M, Encyclopedia of Islamic movements, Tehran, Institute of Social and Cultural Studies, First Edition, vol. 5, p. 327.

[7]. Snany, Abdullah Al-Harbi per Sdh (my first Tlqh Syhh ... etc.), printing, Egypt, Cairo: Daralaml, 2005, p. 9.

[8]. A group of writers, Alhvsyvn Altayfh weapons and provinces Alsyash, second edition, Dubai, Emirates Al Almthdh: Almsbar center Lldrasat and researches, 2010 AD, S19-20.

[9]. Dghshy Ahmad, Muhammad, Alhvsyvn Alzahrh Alhvsyh, Yemen, Sna’, Alymnyh Library, 2009, p. 10.

[10].Dghshy, Ahmad Mohammad, earlier, p. 57.

[11]. A group of writers, earlier, p. 29.

[12]. Al-Sadiq Ali, Maza defined Remote Alhvsyyn, 2010, p. 10.

[13]. Waguih, Abdul Salam al-Abbas, said Almvlfyn Alzydyh, Institute of Imam Zayd ibn Ali, Yemen Sna’, 1435 AH / 2014 CE, p. 265.

 [14]. Snany Abdullah, earlier, p. 9.

 [15]. A group of writers, Alhvsyvn Altayfh weapons and provinces Alsyash, Almsbar, 2010 I, p. 23.

[16]. Snany Abdullah, former S18-20.

[17]. Anonymous, the story of strangers (Shia of Yemen), Qom, the shrines Press, 1388 p., P. 28.

[18].Din series, Aida Ali, Alhvsyvn per Alymn between Alsyash Valvaq, Bysan, 2010 I, p. 55.

 [19]. Waguih, Abdul Salam bin Abbas, earlier, p 265.

[20]. Ali al-Sadiq, Maza defined Remote Alhvsyyn, 2010 CE / 1431 BC, p. 20.

[21]. Snany, Abdullah, earlier, p. 9 and oats, Nayef bin Said, earlier, p 16.

[22]. Snany, Abdullah same.

[23]. Houthi, Hussein bin Badroddin courses I Hoda al-Uloom walk responsibility Aldynyh students, S13-12.

[24].Houthi, Hussein bin Badroddin courses I Huda Quran, Surah Al 'Imran, Aldrs Awwal, p. 10.

 [25]. Houthi, Hussein bin Badroddin courses I Huda Quran, Surah Al 'Imran, Aldrs Awwal, p. 5.

[26]. Houthis Hussein Badr al-Din al-Hoda my lessons, responsibility Ahl al-Bayt (AS), p. 1.

[27]. Houthis Hussein Badr al-Din al-Hoda my courses, Yom Al-Quds Al-Alam, p. 3-1

[28].Houthis Hussein Badr al-Din al-Hoda my courses, the risk of penetration America Alymn, p. 1 "... Imam Alkhmyny Fair MMI Kahn, Kahn MMI Tqya. Valamam Al La crisp Dvth ..."

[29]. Houthis Hussein Badr al-Din al-Hoda my courses, Yom Al-Quds Al-Alam, p. 1

[30]. MA University of Religions and Denominations Qom Shiite sects.